Goetz AM, Wagener MM, Miller JM, Muder RR. Risk of infection due to central venous catheters: Effect of site of placement and catheter type. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology. 1998;19(11):842-845.
Prospective observational study or the risk factors for colonization of catheters and of catheter-related bloodstream infection over 28 months of all non-tunneled central venous catheters on medical-surgical wards of a VA hospital. Emergent insertion and choice of the femoral vein for insertion were associated with catheter contamination, and there was a trend for an association between femoral placement and catheter-related bloodstream infection.