Edwards N, Barker PM. The Importance of Context in Implementation Research. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 2014 Nov;67:S157–S162.
In this article, the authors contend that without attending to context and how it interacts with interventions, national protocols for HIV/AIDS interventions are likely to fail or underperform. Implementation research yields context-sensitive designs and enhances the likelihood of scale-up for equitable outcomes. The authors present a framework for implementation science, a review of published HIV/AIDS protocols for complex interventions, a case study, and preliminary recommendations that can be used to characterize context when reporting interventions and describing how context can be accounted for in implementation strategies.