Jones CP. Levels of Racism: A Theoretic Framework and a Gardener's Tale. American Journal of Public Health. 2000;90(8):1212-1215.
This important article proposes that we need to understand and study racism on 3 levels: institutionalized, personally mediated, and internalized. This framework can help generate new hypotheses about the causes of race-related differences in health outcomes, as well as suggest approaches for developing effective interventions to eliminate those differences.
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