Carter ND, Kannus P, Khan KM. Exercise in the prevention of falls in older people: A systematic literature review examining the rationale and the evidence. Sports Medicine. 2001;31(6):427–438.
On the basis of nine randomized controlled studies conducted since 1996, exercise appears to enhance fall prevention in older adults, significantly reducing the incidence of falls compared with control groups. Current limitations such as inconsistencies in the measurement of key dependent and independent variables do not, at present, permit a meta-analysis of intervention trials.
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