Boyce JM, Pittet D, et al. Guideline for Hand Hygiene in Health-Care Settings: Recommendations of the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee and the HICPAC/SHEA/APIC/IDSA Hand Hygiene Task Force. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2002;51(RR16):1-45.
To overcome barriers and lack of knowledge in health care about good hand hygiene practice, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee published these comprehensive guidelines. One of the principal recommendations was that waterless, alcohol-based hand rubs (liquids, gels or foams) are the preferred method for hand hygiene in most situations due to the superior efficacy of these agents in rapidly reducing bacterial counts on hands and their ease of use.